British Museum blog

Amara West 2012: mid-season report from the cemetery


Michaela Binder, Durham University

We’re now halfway through the season in the cemeteries of Amara West and we have excavated 10 tombs (four still ongoing) and made a number of exciting new discoveries. One of the more surprising discoveries so far was the tumulus dating to the early-middle Kerma period excavated by Ashild Vagene and Mohammed Saad at the start of the season.

Remains of a pyramid and tomb-chapel (G309)

Remains of a pyramid and tomb-chapel (G309)

Another major part of this season’s works is the pyramid tomb G309, only the third known at Amara West. Though of distinctive Egyptian appearance on the outside, underneath the surface the grave provides a particular mixture of Egyptian and Nubian cultural elements – a characteristic encountered in so many aspects of life at Amara West.

Difficult working conditions for Philip Kevin consolidating the coffin in G309

Difficult working conditions for Philip Kevin consolidating the coffin in G309

In G309 this is exemplified through a pottery assemblage which features several examples of Egyptian vessel types produced with a technique more typical of local Nubian pottery. At present, Philip Kevin, conservator in the Department of Conservation and Scientific Research at the British Museum, is working to preserve parts of a wooden coffin decorated with painted plaster.

No less interesting is G314, the grave Laurel Engbring has been working on for the past few weeks. Underneath a low burial mound, the grave features a shaft with two small burial chambers. While the western one still awaits investigation the eastern chamber is now almost fully exposed.

Mohammed Saad with workmen Rami Mohammed Abdu and Nayel Terab excavating Grave 319

Mohammed Saad with workmen Rami Mohammed Abdu and Nayel Terab excavating Grave 319

Inside we were able to document for the first time an almost complete wooden burial bed. Thanks to Philip, several large side elements could be consolidated and preserved. A female, placed on the bed in a flexed position – characteristic of Nubian funerary traditions – appears to have been covered in a coarse woven textile.

Elsewhere in the cemetery Mohammed Saad, after his exciting discoveries of an almost intact burial container in G317, has moved on to another, slightly different tomb with a nicely carved rock-cut burial chamber. A first glimpse into it leaves us with high expectations: three well-preserved skulls are visible, alongside pottery, all partly covered in sand…

 


 

Leave a comment or tweet using #amarawest

Find out more about the Amara West research project

Filed under: Amara West, Archaeology, , , , ,

Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email.

Join 12,278 other followers

Categories

Follow @britishmuseum on Twitter

British Museum on Instagram

'The absolutely-must-see exhibition of the year' ★★★★★ (The Times)
#DefiningBeauty is now open! We will be creating a major new gallery of the Islamic world, opening in 2018!
The new gallery will showcase the Museum’s world-class collection, from early Islamic art to contemporary works.
Director Neil MacGregor: ‘A generous gift from the @albukhary.foundation makes it possible to completely redisplay this important Islamic collection.’
#IslamicArt #art #gallery #museum For today’s #MuseumWeek theme of #architectureMW, we’re sharing stories of our building’s history. 
The Great Court opened in 2000 – the largest covered square in Europe. The Great Court roof has 3,312 glass panels. Each one is unique as the space is asymmetrical
#history #architecture #museum #London #DidYouKnow the Museum had its own tube stop between 1900 and 1933? Here it is in 1903 @ltmuseum 
#architectureMW #MuseumWeek #underground #tube #London #history This week we’re celebrating ‪#MuseumWeek with a new theme each day! Follow us on Twitter @britishmuseum to find out more. 
Today's #MuseumWeek theme is #architectureMW. We'll be sharing stories of our building's history. 
The first home of the British Museum was Montagu House, built in 1686. In this old museum at Montague House there were stuffed giraffes on the staircase! 
#history #museum #giraffe It’s #MuseumWeek and we’ve got all our ducks in a row… #souvenirsMW
Follow

Get every new post delivered to your Inbox.

Join 12,278 other followers

%d bloggers like this: