British Museum blog

Amara West 2012: Kerma pottery


Marie Millet

Earlier this season, we discovered a Kerma grave (G308) in cemetery D. Being accustomed to finding New Kingdom (or post New Kingdom) pottery in this cemetery, it was surprising to find four pottery vessels typical of the Kerma civilization, especially a bowl with incised decoration on the rim.

Fragment of a Kerma vessel (C8075), with incised rim decoration, from Grave 308

Example of a black-topped red ware vessel (C8077) from Grave 308.

Classic Kerma beaker, British Museum EA 55424, from Kerma. C. 1750-1650 BC

The pottery in the grave can be dated, by looking at parallels from other sites, to the middle of the third millenium BC or early second millenium BC, so many centuries before the Egyptian town was founded in the reign of Seti I (1290-1279 BC).

During the Kerma civilization, pottery is the most abundant artefact in graves. All hand-made from Nile clay mixed with fine straw, the pots were made by building up coils of clay. Despite being aware of the Egyptian technique of making vessels on a potter’s wheel, the coil technique was retained, and very fine vessels were produced.

Most Kerma culture pots are known as “black-topped redware”, as the interior and rim is black and the exterior surface is red. This type of pottery is common in Egypt during the Predynastic Period only, but continues in Nubia through later periods.

To achieve the black-topped appearance, the unfired vessels are placed in an open area, then covered with sand, and sometimes earth, sand and ash. Placed upside down, the parts exposed to the air are turned red through oxidisation, whereas the rims turn black through carbonisation. In addition to polishing, some are incised with decoration near the rim, as with one example from this grave.

The discovery of an early Kerma burial suggests a Nubian community lived nearby, long before the Egyptian town was built … In the town, we have so far found only one sherd from a Classic Kerma beaker (C4382), with a distinctive blue-grey band between the black and red.

Leave a comment or tweet using #amarawest

Find out more about the Amara West
research project

Filed under: Amara West, Archaeology

One Response - Comments are closed.

  1. Nick says:

    The pottery is fascinating — thank you for sharing.

    Like

Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email.

Join 12,399 other followers

Categories

Follow @britishmuseum on Twitter

British Museum on Instagram

For #AprilFools today, here are some interesting (and true!) stories about the Museum. 
Did you know there was a merman (actually part monkey, part fish!) on display in the Enlightenment Gallery (Room 1)? This ‘merman’ was donated by HRH Prince Arthur of Connaught (1883–1938), grandson of Queen Victoria, and was said to have been 'caught' in Japan during the 18th century. It was given to Prince Arthur by an individual named Arisue Seijiro. 
The British Museum’s ‘merman’ is displayed in the Enlightenment Gallery as an example of the kind of ‘curiosity' that was found in early collections before the more encyclopaedic and reasoned approach to collecting that evolved through the 1700s. In this context it helps to show how museums changed during the 18th century from cabinets of curiosity to the type of museums we are more familiar with today.
#merman #mermaid For #AprilFools today, here are some interesting (and true!) stories about the Museum. 
This is Mike the cat, who assisted in keeping the Main Gate at the British Museum from Feb 1909 to Jan 1929. When he died, the former Keeper of Egyptian and Assyrian Antiquities, Sir E A Wallis Budge, wrote a whole pamphlet about him. His obituary was featured in both the London Evening Standard and Time magazine! Find out more about Mike the cat at britishmuseum.tumblr.com
#cat #Museum #AprilFools! April actually derives from the Latin word aperire, meaning to open (i.e. spring).
Here's #April at Kew Gardens, part of a series by Thomas Robert Way.
#spring #print #AprilFoolsDay #April is named after Aprillis, the Roman goddess of mischief The Eiffel Tower officially opened ‪#‎onthisday in 1889.
This 1928 print by French artist Jean Émile Laboureur depicts the Gardens of Trocadéro with the Eiffel Tower beyond.
#EiffelTower #Paris #print #art #history We are excited to announce that our exhibition #8mummies is now extended until 12 July 2015! Here are the 8 mummies you'll encounter in this groundbreaking exhibition #MummyMonday
#history #exhibition #mummy
Follow

Get every new post delivered to your Inbox.

Join 12,399 other followers

%d bloggers like this: