British Museum blog

Amara West 2012: excavating one last tomb


Mohamed Saad, Inspector, National Corporation of Antiquities and Museums, Sudan and Amara West Field School participant

I spent the end of the season excavating a chamber tomb, Grave 319. The tomb features a two metre-wide burial chamber on the western side of a shaft cut into the alluvial surface; no above ground architecture is preserved.

A moment of contemplation: Mohamed recording G319

A moment of contemplation: Mohamed recording G319

On the east side, we found the top of a doorway to another chamber, but this proved to be only 10 cm deep – for some reason plans to cut an eastern chamber were never completed. Some very large schist slabs found lying in the shaft must once have covered the grave.

Glazed steatite scarab (F8365)

Glazed steatite scarab (F8365)

As often at Amara West, these heavy stones did not protect this grave from looting in ancient times. Nevertheless, we recovered the skeletal remains of four individuals within the sandy deposit inside the western chamber.

Remnants of the funerary equipment buried with the deceased individuals indicated the range of original burial goods: pieces of wood and painted plaster (showing at least one individual was buried in a decorated coffin), ostrich egg shell, an Egyptian-style beer jar and a fragment of a wooden headrest.

Standing out among this material was the bright blue of a glazed scarab, bearing the inscription: ‘Ramesses, beloved of Amun-Ra and Ra-Horakhty, born of the gods, who founded the Two Lands’.

While this inscription mentions Ramesses II, the scarab might have been made after his long reign. Furthermore, we will never know which of the four individuals was buried with the scarab.

Leave a comment or tweet using #amarawest

Find out more about the Amara West research project

Filed under: Amara West, Archaeology, Research, , ,

Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email.

Join 8,887 other followers

Categories

Follow @britishmuseum on Twitter

British Museum on Instagram

Richard III was born #onthisday in 1452. This silver cap-badge was found in 1999 at Chiddingly, East Sussex. 
The wild boar was Richard III's symbol and court records tell us that thousands of badges in this shape were made as souvenirs of Richard's coronation in 1483, and also for the ceremony crowning his son as Prince of Wales.

It's believed that this cap-badge belonged to a supporter of Richard III, and was probably a present to an important nobleman who lost it by accident. 
#history #richardIII #badge #king Explore the variety of religious practices in #Burma and #Thailand in a new display in Room 91! This toy horse may look remarkably modern, but it dates from the Roman period in Egypt (after 30 BC). You can find out more about childhood in ancient #Egypt in our #8mummies exhibition #MummyMonday Don't miss Neil MacGregor's new BBC Radio 4 series: #MemoriesOfANation starts this morning at 09.45 #germany #art #history #radio #series Edgar Degas died #onthisday in 1917. Here’s a study of a figure for a later painting #art #degas #history #drawing Théodore Géricault was born #onthisday in 1791. This #watercolour is from his time in London #art #history #artist
Follow

Get every new post delivered to your Inbox.

Join 8,887 other followers

%d bloggers like this: